These are the potentially fair reasons for dismissal:
- Conduct - e.g. theft, insubordination
- Capability - e.g. failure to perform to the required standard, has ill health
- Redundancy - i.e. where your employer no longer requires you to do your job
- Some other substantial reason - e.g. unreasonable refusal to accept contract changes or, a break down in relationship
- Statutory illegality (where it is illegal to employ) e.g. you do not have permission to work in this country
Your employer must also follow a fair dismissal procedure. If your employer does not have sufficient reason to dismiss you and/or has not followed a fair procedure you may have a claim for unfair dismissal. You may also have a claim of discrimination.
Generally employees must have one year’s service (or two if appointed since 6 April 2012) to file an unfair dismissal claim at an employment tribunal; in some situations there is no service period required at all.
We can advise you on the merits of an employment tribunal claim and the potential award you could receive, act for you in any tribunal proceedings and negotiate settlement terms with your employer.
You have three months less one day following your dismissal to notify ACAS of your claim.